Recent Submissions

  • Assessment of the genetic structure and diversity of soybean (Glycine max L.) germplasm using diversity array technology and single nucleotide polymorphism markers 

    Shaibu, A.S.; Ibrahim, H.; Miko, Z.L.; Mohammed, I.B.; Mohammed, S.G.; Yusuf, H.L.; Kamara, A.; Omoigui, L.; Karikari, B. (2022)
    Knowledge of the genetic structure and diversity of germplasm collections is crucial for sustainable genetic improvement through hybridization programs and rapid adaptation to changing breeding objectives. The objective of this study was to determine the genetic diversity and population structure of 281 International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) soybean accessions using diversity array technology (DArT) and single nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) markers for the efficient utilization of ...
  • A newly emerging alphasatellite affects banana bunchy top virus replication, transcription, siRNA production and transmission by aphids 

    Guyot, V.; Rajeswaran, R.; Chu, H.C.; Karthikeyan, C.; Laboureau, N.; Galzi, S.; Mukwa, L.; Krupovic, M.; Kumar, P.L.; Iskra-Caruana, M.L.; Pooggin, M. (2022)
    Banana bunchy top virus (BBTV) is a six-component ssDNA virus (genus Babuvirus, family Nanoviridae) transmitted by aphids, infecting monocots (mainly species in the family Musaceae) and likely originating from South-East Asia where it is frequently associated with self-replicating alphasatellites. Illumina sequencing analysis of banana aphids and leaf samples from Africa revealed an alphasatellite that should be classified in a new genus, phylogenetically related to alphasatellites of nanoviruses ...
  • Breeding potentials of bambara groundnut for food and nutrition security in the face of climate change 

    Olanrewaju, O.S.; Oyatomi, O.; Babalola, O.O.; Abberton, M. (2022-01)
    Constant production of quality food should be a norm in any community, but climate change, increasing population, and unavailability of land for farming affect food production. As a result, food scarcity is affecting some communities, especially in the developing world. Finding a stable solution to this problem is a major cause of concern for researchers. Synergistic application of molecular marker techniques with next generation sequencing (NGS) technologies can unlock the potentials hidden in ...
  • Assessing intraspecific variability and diversity in African yam bean landraces using agronomic traits 

    Olomitutu, O.E.; Abe, A.; Oyatomi, O.; Paliwal, R.; Abberton, M. (2022)
    Landraces are repositories for potential beneficial traits which could be used to develop varieties with enhanced qualities. Optimal utilization of the available large collection of landraces of African yam bean (AYB) presently conserved at the Genetic Resource Center, International Institute of Tropical Agriculture, Ibadan (GRC-IITA), requires an assessment of the magnitude and nature of genetic diversity within the germplasm. One hundred and ninety-six AYB accessions were evaluated during the ...
  • Water yam (Dioscorea alata L.) growth and tuber yield as affected by rotation and fertilization regimes across an environmental gradient in west Africa 

    Pouya, N.; Hgaza, V.K.; Kiba, D.I.; Bomisso, L.; Aighewi, B.; Ake, S.; Frossard, E. (2022)
    Yam (Dioscorea spp.) is a staple food crop and a source of income for millions of people in West Africa. Traditionally, in West Africa, yams are grown without any external inputs, leading to low tuber yields. The rapid decrease of tuber yield observed after the first yam cropping season has been ascribed to nutrient depletion and/or to the accumulation of yam-specific pests and diseases. This has led farmers to grow yam on new surfaces under fallow each year. Using a transdisciplinary approach, ...
  • Comparative study of physicochemical, nutritional, phytochemical, and sensory properties of bread with plantain and soy flours partly replacing wheat flour 

    Udomkun, P.; Masso, C.; Swennen, R.; Romuli, S.; Innawong, B.; Fotso Kuate, A.; Akin-Idowu, P.E.; Alakonya, A.; Vanlauwe, B. (2022)
    Plantain flour (PLF) and soy flour (SF) were used to substitute wheat flour (10% and 20% w/w) in composite bread. Physicochemical, phytochemical, and sensory properties were investigated. Partial substitution by PLF significantly increased (p < .05) starch, amylose, ascorbic acid, and potassium content in bread samples. In contrast, a significant improvement (p < .05) in protein, fat, amylopectin, and calcium content was observed with SF substitution. Composite bread with PLF and SF together lowered ...
  • CGIAR genebank viability data reveal inconsistencies in seed collection management 

    Hay, F.R.; Whitehouse, K.J.; Ellis, R.; Sackville-Hamilton, R.; Lusty, C.; Ndjiondjop, M.; Tia, D.; Wenzl, P.; Santos, L.G.; Yazbek, M.; Azevedo, V.; Peerzada, O.H.; Abberton, M.; Oyatomi, O.; de Guzman, F.; Capilit, G.; Muchugi, A.; Kinyanjui, Z. (2021-09)
    Genebanks underpin global food security, conserving and distributing agrobiodiversity for use in research and breeding. The CGIAR collections include >700,000 seed accessions, held in trust as global public goods. However, the role of genebanks in contributing to global food security can only be realized if collections are effectively managed. Examination of the historical viability monitoring data from seven CGIAR genebanks confirmed that high seed viability was maintained for many decades for ...
  • Effect of high temperature drying on seed longevity of Bambara groundnut (Vigna subterranea) accessions 

    Jones, T.M.; Oyatomi, O.; Akinyele, B.O.; Odiyi, A.; Abberton, M.; Hay, F.R. (2020-12)
    In this paper, we considered the effects of different drying regimes on the subsequent longevity of Bambara groundnut seeds. Freshly harvested Bambara groundnut seeds from 27 genebank accessions were divided into five samples. One sample (control) was immediately dried at 17°C/15% RH and the other samples were dried at 45°C/35% RH for up to eight days, before transfer to 17°C/15% RH. After drying, seed moisture content was raised to 10.9% before packing the seeds in aluminium foil packets and ...
  • Musa germplasm A and B genomic composition differentially affects their susceptibility to banana bunchy top virus and its aphid vector, Pentalonia nigronervosa 

    Ngatat, S.; Hanna, R.; Lienou, J.; Ghogomu, R.; Nguidang, S.P.K.; Enoh, A.C.; Ndemba, B.; Korie, S.; Fotso Kuate, A.; Nanga, S.N.; Fiaboe, K.; Kumar, P.L. (2022)
    Banana bunchy top disease (BBTD), caused by the banana bunchy top virus (BBTV, genus Babuvirus), is the most destructive viral disease of banana and plantain (Musa spp.). The virus is transmitted persistently by the banana aphid, Pentalonia nigronervosa Coquerel (Hemiptera: Aphididae). While research efforts have focused on screening Musa genotypes for BBTD resistance, comparatively little work has been carried out to identify resistance to banana aphids. This study assessed 44 Musa germplasm of ...
  • Soybean (Glycine max L. Merrill) responds to phosphorus application and rhizobium inoculation on Acrisols of the semi-deciduous forest agro-ecological zone of Ghana 

    Adjei-Nsiah, S.; Martei, D.; Yakubu, S.A.; Ulzen, J. (2022)
    Soybean cultivation in Ghana is limited mainly to the Guinea savanna and the forest/savanna transitional agro-ecological zones. Although soybean can be cultivated in the semi-deciduous forest zone, low soil pH and limited nodulation limit its productivity in this zone. In this study, a randomized complete block design, with four replications, was used to test if rhizobia inoculation and/or p-fertilizer could improve yield of soybean in the semi-deciduous forest zone. The residual effects of the ...
  • Assessing the nutritional quality of stored grain legume fodders: correlations among farmer perceptions, sheep preferences, leaf-stem ratios and laboratory analyses 

    Akakpo, D.B.; de Boer, I.J.M.; Giller, K.; Adjei-Nsiah, S.; Duncan, A.; Oosting, S.J. (2022-05)
    Crop residues have the potential to alleviate annual feed shortages and nutrient deficiencies experienced in the dry season in the savanna zones of West Africa. Farmers in West Africa especially value the residues of grain legumes, also known as grain legume fodders (GLFs), as animal feed. In this study, therefore, we assessed the nutritional quality of GLFs as affected by storage conditions using four different methods: farmers’ perception score (FPS), sheep preference score (SPS), leaf-to-stem ...
  • Impact of intensive youth participation in agriculture on rural households' revenue: evidence from rice farming households in Nigeria 

    Fasakin, I.J.; Ogunniyi, A.I.; Bello, L.O.; Mignouna, D.; Adeoti, R.; Bamba, Z.; Abdoulaye, T.; Awotide, B.A. (2022)
    he youth unemployment situation is an essential component of the current agricultural policy agenda of the Federal Government of Nigeria. Deep-rooted debates on finding a lasting solution to this problem using agriculture have been targeted as one of the panaceas. Using data from 207 systematically selected rice-producing households, this study employed the Propensity Score Matching method (PSM) and the Inverse Probability Weighted Regression Adjustment method (IPWRA) to examine the effect of ...
  • Assessment of the yam landraces (Dioscorea spp.) of DR Congo for reactions to pathological diseases, yield potential, and tuber quality characteristics 

    Adejumobi, I.I.; Agre, P.A.; Onautshu, D.O.; Adheka, J.G.; Cipriano, I.M.; Monzenga, J.C.L.; Komoy, J. (2022)
    Yams (Dioscorea spp.) possess the potential to contribute to food security and poverty alleviation in DR Congo; however, yam production is limited by several constraints, including the lack of yam improvement programs to address challenges relating to yield improvement, resistance to foliar diseases, and post-harvest tuber quality. Identification of a superior genotype for these traits and reservoirs of genes for improvement would guide yams’ improvement. This study aims to evaluate and identify ...
  • Nutrient inputs for rehabilitation of non-responsive soils in the guinea and sudan savannah agroecological zones of Ghana: Impact on grain yield and soil quality 

    Asei, R.; Abaidoo, R.C.; Opoku, A.; Adjei-Nsiah, S. (2022)
    Studies have shown that the continuous application of N, P, and K fertilizers has led to the depletion of secondary and micronutrients, which have become limiting nutrients hindering crop growth and yield. An on-farm trial was conducted to determine the effect of site-specific nutrient fertilizers and compost on soybean yield, phosphorus use efficiency, and soil properties, at Nyong Guma, Serekpere, Daffiama Saapare, and Naaga in northern Ghana. Nine (9) treatments (3 rates of mineral fertilizer ...
  • Evaluation and application of the CROPGRO-soybean model for determining optimum sowing windows of soybean in the Nigeria savannas 

    Bebeley, J.F.; Kamara, A.; Jibrin, J.M.; Akinseye, F.M.; Tofa, A.; Adam, A.M.; Kamai, N.; Solomon, R. (2022)
    Soybean production is limited by poor soil fertility and unstable rainfall due to climate variability in the Nigeria savannas. There is a decline in the amount and duration of rainfall as one moves from the south to north of the savanna zones. The use of adapted soybean varieties and optimum sowing windows are avenues to increase productivity in the face of climate variability. Crop simulation models can be used as tools for the evaluation of alternative management options for a particular location, ...
  • Chromosome evolution and the genetic basis of agronomically important traits in greater yam 

    Bredeson, J.V.; Lyons, J.B.; Oniyinde, I.O.; Okereke, N.R.; Kolade, O.; Nnabue, I.; Nwadili, C.O.; Hřibová, E.; Parker, M.; Nwogha, J.; Shu, S.; Carlson, J.; Kariba, R.; Muthemba, S.; Knop, K.; Barton, G.J.; Sherwood, A.V.; Lopez-Montes, A.; Asiedu, R.; Jamnadass, R.; Muchugi, A.; Goodstein, D.; Egesi, C.; Featherston, J.; Asfaw, A.; Simpson, G.G.; Doležel, J.; Hendre, P.; Van Deynze, A.; Kumar, P.L.; Obidiegwu, J.; Bhattacharjee, R.; Rokhsar, D.S. (2022)
    The nutrient-rich tubers of the greater yam, Dioscorea alata L., provide food and income security for millions of people around the world. Despite its global importance, however, greater yam remains an orphan crop. Here, we address this resource gap by presenting a highly contiguous chromosome-scale genome assembly of D. alata combined with a dense genetic map derived from African breeding populations. The genome sequence reveals an ancient allotetraploidization in the Dioscorea lineage, followed ...
  • Integrated management of Striga gesnerioides in cowpea using resistant varieties, improved crop nutrition and rhizobium inoculants 

    Abdullahi, W.M.; Dianda, M.; Boukar, O.; Dieng, I.; Mohammed, G.S.; Belko, N.; Togola, A.; Muhammad, H.; Kanampiu, F.; Giller, K.; Vanlauwe, B. (2022)
    Background Cowpea is a grain legume of major importance in sub-Saharan Africa where it is cultivated by smallholder farmers on poor soils and production is often constrained by the parasitic weed Striga gesnerioides. Method Experiments were conducted to assess the potential of rhizobium inoculation to mitigate Striga infection and increase cowpea productivity. We infested soils with S. gesnerioides and assessed the impact of treatments combining cowpea genotypes and bradyrhizobium inoculation on ...
  • African nightshade and African spinach decrease root-knot nematode and potato cyst nematode soil infestation in Kenya 

    Chitambo, O.; Haukeland, S.; Fiaboe, K.K.; Grundler, F.M. (2019-07)
    Plant-parasitic nematodes, particularly root-knot nematodes (RKN: Meloidogyne spp.) and cyst nematodes (CN: Globodera and Heterodera spp.) cause severe yield reduction in most cultivated crops and are of high economic importance. African nightshade (Solanum spp.) and African spinach (Amaranthus spp.) are important African indigenous vegetables (AIV) and are rich sources of nutrition and income. However, their host status to plant-parasitic nematodes remains largely speculative. Therefore, a survey ...
  • Population dynamics of the predator Alloeocranum biannulipes Montrouzier and Signoret (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) feeding on the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), infesting cassava chips 

    Loko, Y.L.E.; Onzo, A.; Datinon, B.; Akogninou, L.; Toffa, J.; Dannon, E.; Tamo, M. (2020)
    Functional and numerical responses of adult females of the predatory bug Alloeocranum biannulipes Montrouzier and Signoret (Hemiptera: Reduviidae) to density changes of the larger grain borer, Prostephanus truncatus (Horn) (Coleoptera: Bostrichidae), infesting cassava chips were investigated under laboratory conditions. Starved predators were exposed to different prey density as treatments with 6 replicates. Numbers of prey consumed, eggs laid, and adults emerged as well as the hatching rates were ...
  • Participatory exploration of the heterogeneity in household socioeconomic, food and nutrition security status for the identification of nutrition-sensitive interventions in the Rwandan Highlands 

    Mashingaidze, N.; Ekesa, B.; Ndayisaba, C.P.; Njukwe, E.; Groot, J.C.; Gwazane, M.; Vanlauwe, B. (2020)
    Food insecurity and malnutrition are challenges in rural Rwanda that are presumed to be affected by differential household socioeconomic status, but the relationship between food and nutrition security and socioeconomic status is not well-understood. We used a participatory and multidisciplinary study comprising nutrition survey, focus group discussion (FGD), detailed household/farm characterization, and interviews to construct a participatory household typology and to determine differences in the ...

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