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Cassava mosaic geminiviruses associated with cassava mosaic disease in Rwanda
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Cassava mosaic disease (CMD), and cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs), were investigated in a country-wide survey conducted in six cassava-producing prefectures (administrative regions) of Rwanda in 2001. CMD occurred throughout the country at an average incidence of 30%. Incidence was highest in Kigali (44%) and lowest in Butare (11%). Cutting infection resulting from the use of CMD-affected planting material was the main type of infection. Disease symptoms were generally severe, with little difference between cultivars or locations. Most affected plants lacked the ‘candle-stick’ symptoms characteristic of severe CMD associated with infection by the ‘Uganda Variant’ of East African cassava mosaic virus (EACMV-UG2). PCR analysis detected two viruses in CMD-affected plants: African cassava mosaic virus (ACMV) and EACMV-UG2. ACMV predominated and occurred throughout the surveyed areas, whereas EACMV-UG2 was restricted to the prefectures of Byumba, which border south-western Uganda and Kibungo in south-eastern Rwanda. No dual infections were detected.
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Permanent link to this itemhttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12478/3351
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Molecular biodiversity of cassava begomoviruses in Tanzania: evolution of cassava geminiviruses in Africa and evidence for East Africa being a center of diversity of cassava geminiviruses Ndunguru, J.; Legg, J.P.; Aveling, T.; Thompson, G.; Fauquet, Claude M. (2005)Cassava is infected by numerous geminiviruses in Africa and India that cause devastating losses to poor farmers. We here describe the molecular diversity of seven representative cassava mosaic geminiviruses (CMGs) infecting cassava from multiple locations in Tanzania. We report for the first time the presence of two isolates in East Africa: (EACMCV-[TZ1] and EACMCV-[TZ7]) of the species East African cassava mosaic Cameroon virus, originally described in West Africa. The complete nucleotide sequence ...
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