Show simple item record

dc.contributor.authorGold, C.S.
dc.contributor.authorKiggundu, A.
dc.contributor.authorAbera, A.M.K.
dc.contributor.authorKaramura, D.
dc.identifier.citationGold, C.S., Kiggundu, A., Abera, A.M.K. & Karamura, D. (2002). Diversity, distribution and farmer preference of Musa cultivars in Uganda. Experimental Agriculture, 38(1), 39-50.
dc.description.abstractThe East African highlands, home to more than 80 cultivated varieties of locally evolved bananas, constitute a secondary centre of banana diversity. Uganda is the leading producer and consumer of banana in the region and also enjoys the highest diversity of a group of bananas uniquely adapted to this region. These East African highland bananas comprise cooking and brewing types. The former is a staple for more than 7 million people and thus important for food security. Little is known about the distribution of the vast germplasm and this study was set up to help determine a distribution pattern and to understand the dynamics of cultivar change using farmers participatory appraisal methods. The study involved a guided interview with 120 farmers, at 24 sites throughout the banana-growing region of Uganda, to reveal cultivar diversity, proportions, distribution and preferences. Cultivar diversity ranged from 18 to 34 (mean = 26) cultivars per site, and from 4 to 22 (mean = 12.3), cultivars per individual farm. Such high diversity was attributed to a variety of end uses, better food security and the perception that each cultivar had a unique range of strengths and weaknesses. Highland banana (AAA-EA) represented 76% of total production while Kayinja (`Pisang Awak' subgroup) (ABB) contributed 8%; Ndiizi ('Ney Poovan' subgroup) (AB) 7%; Kisubi (`Ney Poovan' subgroup) (AB) 5%; Gros Michel (`Bogoya') (AAA) 2%; and plantain (AAB) 2%. Although 130 highland cultivars were recorded, only 10 constituted 50% of highland banana production while 45 cultivars were found at only 1 or 2 sites. A few cultivars showed more universal distribution and it is proposed that these may be the oldest and best performing local landraces.
dc.subjectFood Security
dc.titleDiversity, distribution and farmer preferences of Musa cultivars in Uganda
dc.typeJournal Article
dc.description.versionPeer Review
cg.contributor.affiliationInternational Institute of Tropical Agriculture
cg.contributor.affiliationKawanda Agricultural Research Institute
cg.coverage.regionEast Africa
cg.isijournalISI Journal
cg.authorship.typesCGIAR and developing country institute
cg.iitasubjectFood Security
cg.accessibilitystatusOpen Access

Files in this item


There are no files associated with this item.

This item appears in the following Collection(s)

Show simple item record