Welcome to the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture Research Repository
What would you like to view today?
Auxin signaling and vascular cambium formation enables storage metabolism in cassava tuberous roots
Review StatusPeer Review
MetadataShow full item record
Cassava storage roots are among the most important root crops worldwide and represent one of the most consumed staple foods in Sub-Saharan Africa. The vegetatively propagated tropical shrub can form many starchy tuberous roots from its stem. These storage roots are formed through the activation of secondary root growth processes. However, the underlying genetic regulation of storage root development is largely unknown. Here we report on distinct structural and transcriptional changes occurring during the early phases of storage root development. A pronounced increase in auxin-related transcripts and the transcriptional activation of secondary growth factors, as well as a decrease in gibberellin-related transcripts was observed during the early stages of secondary root growth. This was accompanied by increased cell wall biosynthesis, increased most notably during the initial xylem expansion within the root vasculature. Starch storage metabolism was activated only after the formation of the vascular cambium. The formation of nonlignified xylem parenchyma cells and the activation of starch storage metabolism coincided with increased expression of the KNOX/BEL genes KNAT1, PENNYWISE and POUND-FOOLISH, indicating their importance for proper xylem parenchyma function.
Multi standard citation
Permanent link to this itemhttps://hdl.handle.net/20.500.12478/7099
IITA Authors ORCID
Anna Vittoria Carlucciohttps://orcid.org/0000-0001-6887-5792
Digital Object Identifier (DOI)