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Cassava production improvement through staggered planting for industrial processing and utilization in eastern and southern zones of Tanzania
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An experiment was conducted with the aim of identifying suitable cassava scheduled planting, harvesting and varietal performance in order to optimize growth, development, yield and quality of cassava during the 2017/18 - 2018/19 cropping season. The experiment was conducted at Naliendele, Nachingwea and Ilonga TARI Research Centres in Tanzania. The experiment was laid out as split-split plot in a randomized complete block design with variety being main factor, harvesting time as sub plot and planting schedules as sub-sub plot with four replications at each site.Factor A with three levels which were Kiroba, Mkuranga 1 and Chereko variety. The sub plot also with three levels that were harvesting at eight, ten and 12 months after planting while factor C also with three levels of planting times in November/December, January and March/April. The total root yield increased significantly from first to third planting and harvesting times respectively. Kiroba variety planted in November/December and then harvested at twelve months after planting (MAP) gave highest total fresh root yield 27 tones per hactre (t/ha) in the Southern zone followed by Eastern zone with Kiroba variety planted in November/December and March/April yielded highest total root (22t/ha) when harvested at 12MAP. Based on cassava dry matter content; the study shows that: highest dry matter content was obtained when Mkuranga 1 variety planted in November/December and harvested at 12MAP gave 40% followed by Kiroba variety planted in November/December and harvested after 12MAP had 39% in Southern zone. Also the study found that; cassava starch content was highest (23%) in Southern zone when Mkuranga 1 variety planted during November/December and harvested at 12MAP before the onset of rainfall. The current results recommend that practising planting cassava in November/December for fresh cassava utilization and adopt the late planting in March/April can be advantageous in small scale and commercial producers.
Glory be to God The Almighty who strengthened and enabled me to finish this study. This work would not have been possible without the financial support of African Cassava Agronomy Initiatives Project scholarship through IITA East African Hub under Bill and Melinda Gates foundation. I am especially indebted to Dr. Geoffrey Mkamilo, The General Director of Tanzania Agricultural Research Institute (TARI) who have been supportive of my career goals and who worked actively to provide me with the protected ...