Recent Submissions

  • Development of a multi-layer gene regulatory network perturbation simulation model for host-pathogen interaction studies 

    Olagunju, T.A. (University of Ibadan, 2021-12)
    Gene Regulatory Networks (GRNs) modulate the traits of an organism. Perturbation experiments which were employed to identify Trait-influencing Genes (TGs) are limited to only a few genes at once, and inadequate to identify the TGs of complex traits like disease resistance. Network modelling techniques for complex systems such as GRNs can provide a holistic system view to overcome the limitation of identifying TGs of complex traits with perturbation experiments when applied to genome-wide Next ...
  • Genome-wide association mapping and stability analysis of root mealiness in cassava (Manihot esculenta Crantz) 

    Uchendu, U.K. (University of Ghana, 2020-12)
    Cassava breeders have made significant progress in developing new genotypes with improved agronomic characteristics such as improved root yield. However, these new and improved cassava genotypes in cultivation in Nigeria have undergone little or no improvement in their culinary qualities; hence, there is a paucity of information on the texture of boiled cassava roots, particularly with regard to its mealiness. The objectives of this study were to: (i) elicit farmers’ knowledge, perceptions and ...
  • Effects of agroforestry and climate on cocoa yield, pests and diseases 

    Asitoakor, B.K. (University of Ghana, 2021-06)
    Cocoa (Theobroma cacao) originates from the Amazon basin in South America. The crop is cultivated across many tropical regions, with the largest production from West Africa, where Ghana and Cote d’Ivoire contribute 70% of global production. Two major systems dominate cocoa production; a full-sun monocropping system where the cocoa crop is grown without shade trees, and an agroforestry system where cocoa is grown with deliberately planted or retained forest/fruit trees. Aside soil fertility and ...
  • Rapid detection of adulterated fermented maize (Ogi) with sorghum leaf sheath (Poroporo) using visible-near infrared spectroscopy 

    Onifade, J.O. (University of Ibadan, 2022-03)
    Food adulteration is a very old and common problem, which is often seen in both the low-and middle-income countries and even in some developed countries. Maize-based porridge especially ogi is a high-value commodity and common indigenous complementary food that is a target for adulteration, leading to loss of quality and encroachment on the rights and interests of consumers. This study investigated the characterization of the microorganisms found in ogi fermented for 0 to 120 hours and the feasibility ...
  • Inheritance patterns and genome-wide association study of tropical early-maturing maize inbred lines under striga infestation and drought stress environments 

    Adewale, S.A. (Obafemi Awolowo University, 2021)
    This study determined the gene action controlling grain yield and other agronomic traits among newly-developed early-maturing maize inbred lines under drought stress, Striga infestation, optimal conditions and across research environments; examined the combining ability of the early maize inbred lines under each and across research environments; classified the inbred lines into heterotic groups using DArTseq (Diversity Arrays Technology sequencing) markers and combining ability effects methods and ...
  • Title Open Data Kit (ODK) in crop farming: an introduction of mobile data collection methods in seed yam tracking in Ibadan, Nigeria 

    Ouma, T.A. (2020)
    The purpose of this paper is to illustrate the importance of applying open-source technologies for mobile-based data collection for real-time tracking of seed yam (Dioscorea rotundata and Dioscorea alata) production. Seed yam data in Nigeria have been predominantly collected using field notebooks in the past, which were subsequently entered into a Microsoft Excel spreadsheet or Access database for analysis and reposition. Relevant areas of weakness within the current data systems include time delay ...
  • The quality of Cocoa Pod Husk Biochar produced with the "Kon-tiki" kiln technology, and its effect as a soil enhancer on the growth rate of cocoa seedlings 

    Quansah, E. (Norwagien University of Life Sciences, 2021)
    A study was conducted to investigate the potential of cocoa pod husk as feedstock for biochar production using the “Kon-tiki” kiln. The effect of cocoa pod husk biochar (CPHB) as a soil enhancer, was tested in particular with respect to the soil’s capacity to retain moisture and nutrients, and their consequences for the growth rate of cocoa seedling on two soil types. The resultant CPHB biochar was applied on two soil types from Ghana, Acherensua (sandy loam and near neutral) soil and Ayinase ...
  • Assessment of some high ratio propagation technologies for quality seed yam tuber production in Dioscorea alata L. and Dioscorea rotundata Poir 

    Pelemo, O.S. (University of Ibadan, 2021-10)
    Edible yams are widely cultivated staple food crops in the tropics, but their production is constrained by low multiplication ratio, which results in short supply of Seed Yam Tubers (SYT). The use of High-ratio Propagation Technologies (HrPT) could enhance quality and quantity of SYT. However, limited information is available on the use of HrPT and the amenability of yam varieties to HrPT for SYT production. In this study, the uses of some HrPT for quality SYT production in Dioscorea alata and ...
  • Morphological characterization of cacao cultivars in different socio-ecological settings of Ghana 

    Asare, E. (Georg-August-Universitat Gottingen, 2022-07-15)
    Knowledge of Theobroma cacao morphological variability provides the foundation for the utilization and conservation of genetic resources in Ghana. This study concentrated on cacao varieties, varietal richness and diversity maintained on farmers` fields. The objectives of the study were (1) to assess varietal richness per farm and the level of homozygosity of cacao cultivars on farmers’ fields through morphological analysis and farm management. (2) To identify existing cacao cultivars in the ...
  • Genetic diversity in cowpea [Vigna unguiculata (L.) Walp.] accessions collected from Togo 

    Gbedevi, K.M. (Pan African University, 2021-11)
    Cowpea is one of the most widely grown legumes in Togo for its grains and leaves, which are used both as food and feed. Despite its importance in the nutrition and economic life of the people, bulk of the varieties grown in Togo are landraces. Genetic improvement of crops requires the presence of heritable genetic variation. However, there is hardly any information on the extent of variability among cultivated cowpea in Togo. This study was carried out to assess the phenotypic and molecular diversity ...
  • Smallholder farmers' constraints to maize growth and yield variability in the northern guinea savannah of Nigeria 

    Dakagan, J.B. (Bayero University Kano, 2021)
    Maize yield has been on the decline on smallholder farms, where the bulk of maize for different uses is produced in the Northern Guinea Savannah of Nigeria. This study analyzed smallholder farmers‘ constraints to maize growth and yield variability in the Northern Guinea Savannah (NGS) of Nigeria for yield optimization. It temporally covers 2017 and 2018 at 4 Weeks After Sowing (WAS) and 8WAS. For Ikara in Kaduna State and Doguwa in Kano State, 30 and 31 farmers respectively were purposively selected ...
  • Comparison of metabolite profile of aflatoxin-contaminated yellow and white maize Ogi after fermentation with lactic acid bacteria and yeast 

    Aribisala, O.R. (University of Ibadan, 2021-01)
    Aflatoxins are a group of highly toxic, mutagenic, teratogenic, and carcinogenic secondary metabolites of Aspergillus species including Aspergillus flavus and Aspergillus parasiticus. Maize is susceptible to aflatoxin contamination; so, ogi, (fermented maize gruel) consumed as a breakfast cereal, weaning food and food for convalescents is prone to aflatoxins. Therefore, targeted fermentation of yellow and white maize, for ogi, was investigated as a means of aflatoxin decontamination in ogi. Methods ...
  • Cassava production improvement through staggered planting for industrial processing and utilization in eastern and southern zones of Tanzania 

    Masisila, F.F. (Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2019)
    An experiment was conducted with the aim of identifying suitable cassava scheduled planting, harvesting and varietal performance in order to optimize growth, development, yield and quality of cassava during the 2017/18 - 2018/19 cropping season. The experiment was conducted at Naliendele, Nachingwea and Ilonga TARI Research Centres in Tanzania. The experiment was laid out as split-split plot in a randomized complete block design with variety being main factor, harvesting time as sub plot and ...
  • Evaluation of starches digestibility and glycemic index of commonly consumed sstaple foods from selected varieties of cassava (Manihot sp.) and yam (Dioscorea sp.) 

    Eyinla, T.A. (University of Ibadan, 2019-08)
    Consumption of high Glycemic Index (GI) foods is a risk factor for increasing prevalence of metabolic related non-communicable diseases. Cassava and yam are among common staples known to have high GI and are usually avoided by diabetics because they can rapidly raise blood glucose. Currently, it is still unclear if common varieties (and their corresponding products) have different starch digestibility and GI. This study was therefore designed to evaluate starch digestibility and GI of common foods ...
  • Unravelling the diversity and distribution of the soybean rust fungus Phakopsora pachyrhizi in east Africa 

    Murithi, H.M. (Wageningen University and Research, 2019-02)
    Soybean is an important legume crop that is cultivated worldwide on more than 120 million hectares, producing more than 330 million tonnes of soybeans annually. Soybeans contain 40% of protein and 20% of oil and the crop is therefore used both for human and livestock consumption. Generally, soybean has the potential to significantly improve the nutrition of the inhabitants of sub-Saharan Africa. Soybean production has intensified in Africa over the past 15 years, owing to the raising demand driven ...
  • Cassava farmers' insights and seed dealers enterprises in Nigeria 

    Balogun, D.O. (University of Ibadan, 2019)
    Seed enterprise is an initiative and risk set up in the production of cassava stems from existing local seed varieties or improved seed varieties for economically sustainable profit. Although, most cassava seeds produced are through informal seed system among smallholder farmers but there is need for replacement strategy for cassava seeds mostly planted over years. Based on this, there is need for intense exploration in the linkage between cassava seed management and diffusion scheme among rural ...
  • Genetic diversity and nitrogen fixation in underutilized tropical legumes 

    Adegboyega, T.T. (North-West University, 2019-07)
    Legumes in some cases are underutilized and form only a relatively small proportion of human diets. In general they fix atmospheric nitrogen which may provide an economic advantage for smallholder farmers. By appropriate utilization of legumes, food security and soil fertility can be significantly achieved. During the 2016/2017 and 2017/2018 cropping seasons at the International Institute of Tropical Agriculture (IITA) Ibadan, Nigeria, field and laboratory experiments were conducted to determine ...
  • Reduction of tomato losses through implementation of simple postharvest techniques using rosemary (Rosmarinus officinalis) essential oil in Bushi, Democratic Republic of the Congo 

    Sibomana, I.C. (University of Yaounde, 2020)
    Tomato is perishable and its high moisture content makes it susceptible for various postharvest losses. Tomato quality changes continuously after harvesting when fruits start losing quality because of environmental stress and pathogen infection. Thus, the objective of this research was to propose simple postharvest technology using rosemary essential oil (REO) to reduce postharvest decay. This was done by conducting a field survey in order to determine agricultural potential of soil and environmental ...
  • The role of knowledge in the acceptance of organic and human waste recycling: the case of Rwanda's food system 

    Vogel, S. (Swiss Federal Institute of Technology, 2020-05-15)
    By 2050, the world’s population is expected to increase to 9 billion people. The growing population intensifies urbanization, which puts pressure on the current challenges of food insecurity and environmental pollution. In Rwanda, rural migration and the lack of financial capital to apply sufficient fertilizer result in nutrient-deficient agricultural soils which lead to a decrease in food production. Moreover, the rapid urban expansion leads to environmental pollution and human health risks from ...
  • Optimising locally available resources for nutrient management to improve banana productivity in the farming systems in Rombo District, Kilimanjaro region 

    Rutazaha, J.E. (Sokoine University of Agriculture, 2019)
    Banana is an important staple food in East Africa and an essential cash crop in the national and local economies. In Kagera and Kilimanjaro regions of Tanzania, banana is cultivated by more than 70% of smallholder farmers as a staple food in home gardens ranging from 0.5 to 2 hectares. Decline in banana yield has been reported in banana farming systems as a result of abiotic constraints (nutrient deficiencies and drought stress) and biotic constraints (pests and diseases). Decline in soil fertility ...

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